The Homeland Security Organization In The United States Of America
The Department Of Homeland Security In The USA
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a separate cabinet department of the United States federal government. The cabinet was first proposed by the U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century in January 2001 and expedited in response to the terrible atrocities of September 2011, where four civilian aircraft were hijacked and deliberately crashed into the twin towers, the pentagon and another aircraft thought to be targeted at Washington DC crashed in a field in Pennsylvania.
The Department of Homeland Security is charged with the primary function of protecting the United States and its territories (including protectorates) from and responding to terrorist attacks, man-made accidents, and natural disasters. The Department of Homeland Security, and not the United States Department of the Interior, is equivalent to the Interior ministries of other countries. In fiscal year 2011, DHS was allocated a budget of $98.8 billion and spent, net, $66.4 billion.
The Department of Homeland Security differs from the Department of Defence in that it is charged in the civilian sphere to protect the United States from within as well as outside its borders. The Department of Defence is essentially involved with all military actions, overseas. The DHS has changed almost beyond recognition during its short history which has led to some confusion among normal civilian populations. But the DHS main priority is to prevent and prepare for or respond to any domestic emergencies within its boundaries. The obvious concern would that of any acts of terrorism.
The first significant change came in 2003, where the DHS absorbed the Immigration and Naturalization Service into the organization and assumed its responsibilities. In doing so, it divided the enforcement and services functions into two separate and new agencies: Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Citizenship and Immigration Services. The investigative divisions and intelligence gathering units of the INS and Customs Service were merged forming Homeland Security Investigations. In addition to this, the border enforcement functions of the INS, including the U.S. Border Patrol, the U.S. Customs Service, plus the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service were consolidated into another new agency under DHS: U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
The Federal Protective Service falls under the National Protection and Programs Directorate. So with more than 200,000 employees, the DHS is the third largest Cabinet department, after the Departments of Defence and Veterans Affairs. Our homeland security policy is coordinated at the White House by the Homeland Security Council. Other agencies with significant homeland security responsibilities include the Departments of Health and Human Services, Justice, and Energy.
Questions and Answers
3 problems with Homeland Security?For my History class, i have to write about 3 issues of Homeland Security and then provide solutions for them. Is illegal immigration and us stickin our noses into other countries business one of these issues? So what are 3 things I could use?
Posted by redneck girl
homeseciThree problems with homeland security. 1) it is too encompassing.–everything from illegal immigration to natural disasters like hurricanes and earthquakes and of course –Terrorism. 2) it is too expensive–we already have agencies that do the above work–now we have another ON TOP of these –all with HUGE budgets. 3) Oversight is lacking–it is a new agency–nobody is sure where it’s authority is the rule or where it should leave policy to more regional experts.–which could be an argument WHY KATRINA was so devastating. Of course–there is a reason for it to be this way. Between the CIA and FBI we had the information to stop 9/11 but had no cooperation between the agencies–THE FBI has to answer to the JUDICIAL system of the USA–the CIA answers to a SENATE committee–The FBI felt that it would jeapordize legal procedures if it passed information to the CIA. The CIA felt the FBI might compromise it’s sources should it try to act legally to arrest a terrorist and squaunder valuable information the CIA needed to keep secret. The solution was Homeland Security (DHS) which acts as a clearing house and gets to prioritize what is more important–the CIA reason or the FBI reason. DHS is not necessarily a bad thing–but it has introduced a NEW problem when dealing with national security.
Homeland Security??What is the first state in the nation to create its own legislatively enacted cabinet-level department of homeland security?
Posted by Patrica C
homeseciThe Alabama Department of Homeland Security was established by an act of the Alabama State Legislature and signed into law by Governor Bob Riley on June 18, 2003. Alabama is the first state in the Nation to create its own legislatively enacted Cabinet-level Department of Homeland Security. The Alabama Department of Homeland Security has five assistant directors, each managing a designated homeland security area of responsibility. These areas of responsibility are: Borders, Ports and Transportation; Science and Technology; Intelligence Analysis and Infrastructure Protection; Information Management and Budget; and Emergency Preparedness and Response. The Alabama Office of Homeland Security will coordinate with local officials and private entities throughout the state along with the appropriate federal agencies to collect and analyze intelligence regarding terrorist threats and activities. The Office will facilitate the collection and proper dissemination of relevant information to those officials and authorities who are first line responders and the primary defenders of citizens.
What is homeland security?What is it… Why was it made… What are 5 good and bad things about it.
Posted by arg no manches
homeseciHomeland security refers to governmental actions designed to prevent, detect, respond to, and recover from acts of terrorism, and also respond to natural disasters. The term became prominent in the United States following the September 11, 2001 attacks; it had been used only in limited policy circles prior to these attacks. Before this time, such action had been classified as civil defense. Homeland security is officially defined as “a concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur,” according to the National Strategy for Homeland Security. Because the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) includes the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) it has responsibility for preparedness, response and recovery to natural disasters as well. Homeland security is generally used to refer to the broad national effort by all levels of government–federal, state, local and tribal–to protect the territory of the United States from hazards both internal and external as well as the Department of Homeland Security itself. Homeland security is also usually used to connote the civilian aspect of this effort; “homeland defense” refers to its military component, led chiefly by the US Northern Command headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colo. The scope of homeland security includes: Emergency preparedness and response (for both terrorism and natural disasters), including volunteer medical, police, Emergency Management and fire personnel; Domestic intelligence activities, largely today within the FBI; Critical infrastructure protection; Border security, including both land and maritime borders; Transportation security, including aviation and maritime transportation; Biodefense; Detection of nuclear and radiological materials; Research on next-generation security technologies. In the United States In the United States, the concept of “homeland security” extends and recombines responsibilities of much of the executive branch, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the National Guard, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the United States Coast Guard, the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), the former U.S. Customs Service, the Secret Service, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The George W. Bush administration has consolidated many of these activities under the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), a new cabinet department established as a result of the Homeland Security Act of 2002. However, much of the nation’s homeland security activity remains outside of DHS; for example, the FBI and CIA are not part of the Department, and other agencies such as the Department of Defense and Department of Health and Human Services play a significant role in certain aspects of homeland security. Homeland security is coordinated at the White House by the Homeland Security Council, currently headed by Frances Townsend. Atp.